Unravelling the Middle East

Adel Aali, History Behind News Program

Please join me - Adel Aali, your host, on a journey of analysis, history, and myths and mysteries of the Middle East as narrated and explained by scholars. Unravelling the Middle East podcast is a History Behind News production, where 125 scholars... and counting, explain the histories behind our current events. Middle East map by MapChart.net: https://www.mapchart.net/world.html. License is CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/. read less
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Episodes

S1E8: Is Yemen the Graveyard of Empires? Yemen Was "the Vietnam" of Which Country? Are the Houthis a Ragtag Army? Do They Need Iran's Help?
Feb 16 2024
S1E8: Is Yemen the Graveyard of Empires? Yemen Was "the Vietnam" of Which Country? Are the Houthis a Ragtag Army? Do They Need Iran's Help?
The Ottomans, Portuguese and British have fought over Yemen. And through it all, the Zaydi Imamate has been there - since the 9th century. These are the roots of the Houthis - Shia Muslims who practice a different Shi'ism than Iran. As important as their religions beliefs may seem, including their association with Iran, as you will learn in this episode, it's more about geopolitics and power than anything else. My guest for this episode is Dr. Charles Schmitz, a professor at ⁠Towson University⁠ and a non-resident scholar at the⁠ Middle East Institute.⁠ He is a specialist on the Middle East and Yemen. He started his academic career as a Fulbright Scholar and an American Institute for Yemeni Studies fellow in Yemen in the early 1990s, studying the country’s engagement with the International Monetary Fund’s reforms and the rise of Yemen’s oil economy. During the 2000s, Dr. Schmitz worked for the defense of Yemeni detainees at Guantanamo Bay while also heading the American Institute for Yemeni Studies. His current research interests include the political economy of development in Yemen, international law, international governance and failing states, and the sociology of contemporary Yemeni society. Dr. Schmitz has authored many publications, including the following: "Huthi Visions of the State: A Huthi Republic With an Unofficial Imam", which is a part of 2022 book The Huthi Movement in Yemen: Ideology, Ambition and Security in the Arab Gulf, Weighing the Tribal Factor in Yemen's Informal Politics, and Dictionary of Yemen. ⁠Subscribe here⁠ to get Adel's take in your inbox. Adel Aali Host, ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠Unravelling the Middle East⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Host, ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠History Behind News Podcast ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Unravelling the Middle East podcast is a production of the History Behind News program. Image: Vectorized version of the Houthi Ansarullah "Al-Sarkha" banner. Arabic text, by lines: الله أكبر (⁠Allah is the greatest⁠) الموت لأمريكا (⁠death to America⁠) الموت لإسرائيل (⁠death to Israel⁠) اللعنة على اليهود (⁠a curse upon the Jews⁠) النصر للإسلام (victory to Islam). By ⁠RuneAgerhus⁠ (Own work) on ⁠Wikipedia⁠ under ⁠CC BY-SA 4.0 ⁠license. Music attributions: 1. Opening and closing music of the program: Santur: Peyman Heydarian playing on the Santur some Iranian music. Recorded with a Sony PCM-D50 at the School of Oriental and African Studies of London on April 7th 2011. Music available on at ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://freesound.org/people/xserra/sounds/125654/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0 DEED) ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ This music has been cut in shorter pieces and its volume has been adjusted in different portions of our program. 2. Background music to guest introduction: The Desert | The Grand Score ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com/alexander-nakarada-the-desert.html⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ The Desert | The Grand Score by Alexander Nakarada (CreatorChords) | ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creatorchords.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. 3. Background music to promoting History Behind News episodes: The Success by Keys of Moon | ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoon⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0): ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified.
S1E7: Who Are the Houthis of Yemen? What Did Their Leader Admire About Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini? What Did They Admire About Egypt's Nasser?
Feb 15 2024
S1E7: Who Are the Houthis of Yemen? What Did Their Leader Admire About Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini? What Did They Admire About Egypt's Nasser?
The Ottomans, Portuguese and British have fought over Yemen. And through it all, the Zaydi Imamate has been there - since the 9th century. These are the roots of the Houthis - Shia Muslims who practice a different Shi'ism than Iran. As important as their religions beliefs may seem, including their association with Iran, as you will learn in this episode, it's more about geopolitics and power than anything else. My guest for this episode is Dr. Charles Schmitz, a professor at Towson University and a non-resident scholar at the Middle East Institute. He is a specialist on the Middle East and Yemen. He started his academic career as a Fulbright Scholar and an American Institute for Yemeni Studies fellow in Yemen in the early 1990s, studying the country’s engagement with the International Monetary Fund’s reforms and the rise of Yemen’s oil economy. During the 2000s, Dr. Schmitz worked for the defense of Yemeni detainees at Guantanamo Bay while also heading the American Institute for Yemeni Studies. His current research interests include the political economy of development in Yemen, international law, international governance and failing states, and the sociology of contemporary Yemeni society. Dr. Schmitz has authored many publications, including the following: "Huthi Visions of the State: A Huthi Republic With an Unofficial Imam", which is a part of 2022 book The Huthi Movement in Yemen: Ideology, Ambition and Security in the Arab Gulf, Weighing the Tribal Factor in Yemen's Informal Politics, and Dictionary of Yemen. Subscribe here to get Adel's take in your inbox. Adel Aali Host, ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠Unravelling the Middle East⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Host, ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠History Behind News Podcast ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Unravelling the Middle East podcast is a production of the History Behind News program. Image: Vectorized version of the Houthi Ansarullah "Al-Sarkha" banner. Arabic text, by lines: الله أكبر (Allah is the greatest) الموت لأمريكا (death to America) الموت لإسرائيل (death to Israel) اللعنة على اليهود (a curse upon the Jews) النصر للإسلام (victory to Islam). By RuneAgerhus (Own work) on Wikipedia under CC BY-SA 4.0 license. Image is set in a green background, but no changes are made to the image. Music attributions: 1. Opening and closing music of the program: Santur: Peyman Heydarian playing on the Santur some Iranian music. Recorded with a Sony PCM-D50 at the School of Oriental and African Studies of London on April 7th 2011. Music available on at ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://freesound.org/people/xserra/sounds/125654/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0 DEED) ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ This music has been cut in shorter pieces and its volume has been adjusted in different portions of our program. 2. Background music to guest introduction: The Desert | The Grand Score ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com/alexander-nakarada-the-desert.html⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ The Desert | The Grand Score by Alexander Nakarada (CreatorChords) | ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creatorchords.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. 3. Background music to promoting History Behind News episodes: The Success by Keys of Moon | ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoon⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0): ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified.
S1E6: What Can Americans Learn From the Middle East About Reviving America's Past? MAGA, Reclaiming History and the Need for Intellectual Communities
Feb 9 2024
S1E6: What Can Americans Learn From the Middle East About Reviving America's Past? MAGA, Reclaiming History and the Need for Intellectual Communities
Middle East reclaims the glories of its past - real and imagined. As you'll note in this episode, colonialism derailed the history of Middle East. And now its despots, representatives, clerics, and the masses reach for history to continue what they believe should be their paths. Interestingly, despite the repression of most Middle East countries, vibrant intellectual communities have flourished there in which they discuss history, philosophy and other subjects. Unfortunately, such communities are lacking in the United States. Do you think we can create intellectual communities in America outside the university environment? If so, how? Or do you think they are not necessary? Click here to answer this question⁠. This question form expires on Wed., Feb. 14, 2024. My guest for this episode is Dr. Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi of Princeton University. He is professor and chair of Near Eastern Studies. He is the Director of Sharmin and Bijan Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Iran and Persian Gulf Studies. He has written many books, including Islam and Dissent in Post-Revolutionary Iran. He has coedited a special issue of Radical History Review, and has written extensively on the topics of social theory and Islamist political thought in different journals and book chapters. Currently, he is working on a project on Mystical Modernity, a comparative study of philosophy of history and political theory of Walter Benjamin and Ali Shariati. To learn more about Dr. Ghamari-Tabrizi, you can visit his ⁠academic homepage⁠. Thanksgiving: You can listen to our episode about Thanksgiving here: https://bit.ly/HbN-S3E46 25% Monthly inflation: You can listen to our episode about Argentina's soring inflation, new president (who wields a chainsaw) and economic crisis here: https://bit.ly/HbN-S4E6 I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Aali Host, ⁠⁠⁠⁠Unravelling the Middle East⁠⁠⁠⁠ Host, ⁠⁠⁠⁠History Behind News Podcast ⁠⁠⁠⁠ Unravelling the Middle East podcast is a production of the History Behind News program. Image: 2500 year celebration of the Persian Empire. Iran, Oct. 1971. (Public Domain). Music attributions: 1. Opening and closing music of the program: Santur: Peyman Heydarian playing on the Santur some Iranian music. Recorded with a Sony PCM-D50 at the School of Oriental and African Studies of London on April 7th 2011. Music available on at ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://freesound.org/people/xserra/sounds/125654/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0 DEED) ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ This music has been cut in shorter pieces and its volume has been adjusted in different portions of our program. 2. Background music to guest introduction: The Desert | The Grand Score ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com/alexander-nakarada-the-desert.html⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ The Desert | The Grand Score by Alexander Nakarada (CreatorChords) | ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creatorchords.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠⁠⁠ The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. 3. Background music to promoting History Behind News episodes: The Success by Keys of Moon | ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoon⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0): ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified.
S1E5: What Is Political Islam? And Why Would the Books of A Prominent Shia Muslim Philosopher Be Banned in the Islamic Republic of Iran?
Feb 8 2024
S1E5: What Is Political Islam? And Why Would the Books of A Prominent Shia Muslim Philosopher Be Banned in the Islamic Republic of Iran?
Does history have a meaning? Christianity demands a meaning - because human life is not in vain. And Islam is similar. But our perception of history has changed in the last 300 years. It has become more secularized. Interestingly, political Islam is a product of that process. After you have listened to this episode, please share your thoughts regarding the following questions: Do you think that people in the non-western world are not yet ready to exercise their democratic rights, and that they need guided democracy? Does this proposition makes sense for our time - the 2020s - as it may have back in the 1950s, 1960s or the 70s? Click here to answer this question. This question form expires on Wed., Feb. 14, 2024. My guest for this episode is Dr. Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi of Princeton University. He is professor and chair of Near Eastern Studies. He is the Director of Sharmin and Bijan Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Iran and Persian Gulf Studies. He has written many books, including Islam and Dissent in Post-Revolutionary Iran. He has coedited a special issue of Radical History Review, and has written extensively on the topics of social theory and Islamist political thought in different journals and book chapters. Currently, he is working on a project on Mystical Modernity, a comparative study of philosophy of history and political theory of Walter Benjamin and Ali Shariati. To learn more about Dr. Ghamari-Tabrizi, you can visit his academic homepage. Listen to my prior conversation with Dr. Ghamari-Tabrizi: https://bit.ly/HbN-S2E42s I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Aali Host, ⁠⁠⁠Unravelling the Middle East⁠⁠⁠ Host, ⁠⁠⁠History Behind News Podcast ⁠⁠⁠ Unravelling the Middle East podcast is a production of the History Behind News program. Image: 1980 Iranian Stamp honoring Dr. Ali Shariati. (Public Domain) Music attributions: 1. Opening and closing music of the program: Santur: Peyman Heydarian playing on the Santur some Iranian music. Recorded with a Sony PCM-D50 at the School of Oriental and African Studies of London on April 7th 2011. Music available on at ⁠⁠⁠⁠https://freesound.org/people/xserra/sounds/125654/⁠⁠⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0 DEED) ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ This music has been cut in shorter pieces and its volume has been adjusted in different portions of our program. 2. Background music to guest introduction: The Desert | The Grand Score ⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com/alexander-nakarada-the-desert.html⁠⁠⁠⁠ The Desert | The Grand Score by Alexander Nakarada (CreatorChords) | ⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creatorchords.com⁠⁠⁠⁠ Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) ⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠⁠ The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. 3. Background music to promoting History Behind News episodes: The Success by Keys of Moon | ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoon⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0): ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. IMAGE: Middle East map by ⁠MapChart.net:⁠ ⁠https://www.mapchart.net/world.html⁠. License is CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED ⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/⁠.
S1E4: America's Middle East Military Strategy After 9/11. Was War Our Only Option?
Feb 2 2024
S1E4: America's Middle East Military Strategy After 9/11. Was War Our Only Option?
Losing an American ally & the Carter Doctrine! In yesterday's conversation with Dr. Bacevich, we discussed how America's military strategy transitioned from fighting Nazis and fascists, and later fighting proxy wars against communists, to fighting in the Middle East. In this episode, Dr. Bacevich tells us about the fall of America's prime ally in the Middle East - the Shah of Iran. And he explains the Carter Doctrine, including the irony of America's military potentially supporting the Islamic Republic of Iran! He'll also talk about our Middle East wars against terrorism - America's wars for more than 20 years! I ask him these questions: in response to 9/11, aside from war (actually two wars), did America have other military options?  Also, has our military presence in the Middle East paid off? We love to get your answer to these questions: Do you think fighting Middle East terrorists in open wars, such as we did after 9/11, or how Israel is conducting its war against Hamas now, is the effective way to stop terrorism? And if not, then, how do you think we should stop terrorism, particularly in the Middle East? ⁠⁠click here to answer⁠⁠ This question form will expire on Th., Feb. 8, 2024. My guest for this episode, which was recorded in early January 2024, is Dr. Andrew Bacevich, co-founder and Chairman of the ⁠Quincy Institute for Responsible Statecraft⁠. He is Professor Emeritus of International Relations and History at⁠ Boston University⁠. He is a graduate of West Point, a Vietnam War Veteran, and a retired colonel of the US Army. Dr. Bacevich is the author, co-author, or editor of more than a dozen books, including the following: The New American Militarism, The Limits of Power, Paths of Dissent: Soldiers Speak Out against America’s Forever Wars, and America’s War for the Greater Middle East Also, listen to History for Ms. Haley at S4E5 of the History Behind News podcast. I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Aali Host, ⁠⁠Unravelling the Middle East⁠⁠ Host, ⁠⁠History Behind News Podcast ⁠⁠ Unravelling the Middle East podcast is a production of the History Behind News program. Music attributions: 1. Opening and closing music of the program: Santur: Peyman Heydarian playing on the Santur some Iranian music. Recorded with a Sony PCM-D50 at the School of Oriental and African Studies of London on April 7th 2011. Music available on at ⁠⁠⁠https://freesound.org/people/xserra/sounds/125654/⁠⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0 DEED) ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠ This music has been cut in shorter pieces and its volume has been adjusted in different portions of our program. 2. Background music to guest introduction: The Desert | The Grand Score ⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com/alexander-nakarada-the-desert.html⁠⁠⁠ The Desert | The Grand Score by Alexander Nakarada (CreatorChords) | ⁠⁠⁠https://creatorchords.com⁠⁠⁠ Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) ⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠ The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. 3. Background music to promoting History Behind News episodes: The Success by Keys of Moon | ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoon⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0): ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. IMAGE: Middle East map by ⁠MapChart.net:⁠ ⁠https://www.mapchart.net/world.html⁠. License is CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED ⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/⁠.
S1E3: Is the Middle East Worth Fighting and Dying For? What is the Carter Doctrine? And When and How Did America Begin Its Military Support of Israel?
Feb 1 2024
S1E3: Is the Middle East Worth Fighting and Dying For? What is the Carter Doctrine? And When and How Did America Begin Its Military Support of Israel?
What was the Carter Doctrine? How did the fall of the Shah of Iran affect U.S. military policy in the Middle East? Did America take sides in the Iran-Iraq War? We love to get your answer to these questions: Before listening to this episode, did you know that the United States supported Saddam Hussein in his long war against Iran? Do you believe that America should continue to intervene in Middle East conflicts? Or should America leave the area alone and let the countries of the Middle East fight their own battles and reach peace on their own terms - terms that are dictated by the limits of their own internal resources? ⁠click here to answer⁠ This question form will expire on Wed., Feb. 7, 2024. My guest for this episode, which was recorded in early January 2024, is Dr. Andrew Bacevich, co-founder and Chairman of the Quincy Institute for Responsible Statecraft. He is Professor Emeritus of International Relations and History at Boston University. He is a graduate of West Point, a Vietnam War Veteran, and a retired colonel of the US Army. Dr. Bacevich is the author, co-author, or editor of more than a dozen books, including the following: The New American Militarism, The Limits of Power, Paths of Dissent: Soldiers Speak Out against America’s Forever Wars, and America’s War for the Greater Middle East If you enjoyed this episode with Dr. Bacevich, then you should definitely listen to my conversation with Dr. Vali Nasr about America's failed diplomacy in the Middle East. He is a former Dean of Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies, and as advised senior American policymakers, including the President and the Secretary of State. He is the author of The Dispensable Nation: American Foreign Policy in Retreat. I spoke with in S2E25 of the History Behind News⁠ podcast. I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Aali Host, ⁠Unravelling the Middle East⁠ Host, ⁠History Behind News Podcast ⁠ Unravelling the Middle East podcast is a production of the History Behind News program. Music attributions: 1. Opening and closing music of the program: Santur: Peyman Heydarian playing on the Santur some Iranian music. Recorded with a Sony PCM-D50 at the School of Oriental and African Studies of London on April 7th 2011. Music available on at ⁠⁠https://freesound.org/people/xserra/sounds/125654/⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0 DEED) ⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ⁠⁠⁠⁠ This music has been cut in shorter pieces and its volume has been adjusted in different portions of our program. 2. Background music to guest introduction: The Desert | The Grand Score ⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com/alexander-nakarada-the-desert.html⁠⁠ The Desert | The Grand Score by Alexander Nakarada (CreatorChords) | ⁠⁠https://creatorchords.com⁠⁠ Music promoted by ⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) ⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠ The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. 3. Background music to promoting History Behind News episodes: The Success by Keys of Moon | ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoon⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0): ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. IMAGE: Middle East map by ⁠MapChart.net:⁠ ⁠https://www.mapchart.net/world.html⁠. License is CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED ⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/⁠.
S1E2: If Japan Could Catch Up With the West, Why Couldn’t Countries of the Middle East?
Jan 26 2024
S1E2: If Japan Could Catch Up With the West, Why Couldn’t Countries of the Middle East?
Is democracy the best form of government for the economic progress of countries in the Middle East? If your answer is yes, then how do you explain Turkiye? But if your answer is no, then how do you explain the UAE? And if not democracy, then what form of government would you suggest? ⁠click here to answer ⁠ This question form will expire on Fir., Feb. 2, 2024. My guest for this episode is Dr. Philip T. Hoffman. He is a professor of  Business Economics and History at the Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). In this episode we discuss his book Why Did Europe Conquer the World? To learn more about Dr. Hoffman, you can visit his ⁠academic homepage⁠. If you enjoyed this episode with Dr. Hoffman, then you should definitely listen to my conversation with Dr. Yasheng Huang of MIT’s Sloan School of Management, in which he describes the reasons why China fell behind Europe. Dr. Huang is the author of The Rise and Fall of the East: How Exams, Autocracy, Stability, and Technology Brought China Success, and Why They Might Lead to Its Decline, which I discus with him in ⁠S3E7 of the History Behind News⁠ podcast. I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Aali Host, ⁠Unravelling the Middle East⁠ Host, ⁠History Behind News Podcast ⁠ Unravelling the Middle East podcast is a production of the History Behind News program. Music attributions: 1. Opening and closing music of the program: Santur: Peyman Heydarian playing on the Santur some Iranian music. Recorded with a Sony PCM-D50 at the School of Oriental and African Studies of London on April 7th 2011. Music available on at https://freesound.org/people/xserra/sounds/125654/ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0 DEED) ⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ⁠⁠ This music has been cut in shorter pieces and its volume has been adjusted in different portions of our program. 2. Background music to guest introduction: The Desert | The Grand Score ⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com/alexander-nakarada-the-desert.html⁠⁠ The Desert | The Grand Score by Alexander Nakarada (CreatorChords) | ⁠⁠https://creatorchords.com⁠⁠ Music promoted by ⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) ⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠ The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. 3. Background music to promoting History Behind News episodes: The Success by Keys of Moon | ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoon⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0): ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. IMAGE: Middle East map by ⁠MapChart.net:⁠ ⁠https://www.mapchart.net/world.html⁠. License is CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED ⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/⁠.
S1E1: Why Did Small European Kingdoms, and Not the Huge Empires of Asia, Conquer the World?
Jan 25 2024
S1E1: Why Did Small European Kingdoms, and Not the Huge Empires of Asia, Conquer the World?
And when did Middle Easterners begin to all fall behind Europeans? And what does it even mean to fall behind? For progress, which one do you think is better: many small states competing against each other? big states with huge resources and internal stability? click here to answer This question form will expire on Wed., Jan. 31, 2024. My guest for this episode is Dr. Philip T. Hoffman. He is a professor of  Business Economics and History at the Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). In this episode we discuss his book Why Did Europe Conquer the World? To learn more about Dr. Hoffman, you can visit his academic homepage. If you enjoyed this episode with Dr. Hoffman, then you should definitely listen to my conversation with Dr. Yasheng Huang of MIT’s Sloan School of Management, in which he describes the reasons why China fell behind Europe. Dr. Huang is the author of The Rise and Fall of the East: How Exams, Autocracy, Stability, and Technology Brought China Success, and Why They Might Lead to Its Decline, which I discus with him in S3E7 of the History Behind News podcast. I hope you enjoy these episodes. Adel Aali Host, Unravelling the Middle East Host, History Behind News Podcast Unravelling the Middle East podcast is a production of the History Behind News program. Music attributions: 1. Opening and closing music of the program: Santur: Peyman Heydarian playing on the Santur some Iranian music. Recorded with a Sony PCM-D50 at the School of Oriental and African Studies of London on April 7th 2011. Music available on at ⁠https://freesound.org/people/xserra/sounds/125654/⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0 DEED) ⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ⁠⁠⁠ This music has been cut in shorter pieces and its volume has been adjusted in different portions of our program. 2. Background music to guest introduction: The Desert | The Grand Score ⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com/alexander-nakarada-the-desert.html⁠ The Desert | The Grand Score by Alexander Nakarada (CreatorChords) | ⁠https://creatorchords.com⁠ Music promoted by ⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) ⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. 3. Background music to promoting History Behind News episodes: The Success by Keys of Moon | ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://soundcloud.com/keysofmoon⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Music promoted by ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://www.free-stock-music.com⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0): ⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠⁠. The volume and lengths of this piece have been modified. IMAGE: Middle East map by ⁠MapChart.net:⁠ ⁠https://www.mapchart.net/world.html⁠. License is CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED ⁠https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/⁠.
January 25, 2024: Analysis, History, Myths & Mysteries of the Middle East
Dec 22 2023
January 25, 2024: Analysis, History, Myths & Mysteries of the Middle East
Welcome to our new program. I am Adel Aali, host of Unravelling the Middle East, an in-depth history and analysis podcast that will launch on January 25, 2024. In this program, I ask my guests, who are all preeminent scholars, fundamental questions about the Middle East. Unravelling the Middle East is a production of the ⁠History Behind News⁠ program. I started the History Behind News podcast three seasons ago. Since then, 125 scholars (and counting) have guest participated in conversations with me to dig deep into the wide range of histories that help explain our news and current events. I've dropped a link to the History Behind News program for you, so you can follow our sister program and listen to fascinating conversations with historians there while you wait for the launch of Unravelling the Middle East podcast in January. History Behind News on ⁠Spotify⁠ ⁠Apple ⁠ ⁠Google⁠ ⁠iHeart⁠ ⁠Radio Public⁠ ⁠Amazon Music ⁠ ⁠Castbox⁠ So, please join us in January, when my guest scholars and I begin to unravel the Middle East. Music attributions: 1. Santur: Arpegio performed on a persian santur, recorded with an oktava mk012 mic. This piece has been edited into shorter segments and played in different parts of this podcast. https://freesound.org/people/nsmusic/sounds/259692/ Music available on https://freesound.org/ Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0 DEED) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2. Background and closing music: The Desert | The Grand Score https://www.free-stock-music.com/alexander-nakarada-the-desert.html The Desert | The Grand Score by Alexander Nakarada (CreatorChords) | https://creatorchords.com Music promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Creative Commons / Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ IMAGE: Middle East map by MapChart.net: https://www.mapchart.net/world.html. License is CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/.