Causality

The Engineered Network

Chain of Events. Cause and Effect. We analyse what went right and what went wrong as we discover that many outcomes can be predicted, planned for and even prevented.

Play Trailer
0: Trailer
Sep 15 2015
0: Trailer
Chain of Events. Cause and Effect. We analyse what went right and what went wrong as we discover that many outcomes can be predicted, planned for and even prevented.With John Chidgey.Chain of Events. Cause and Effect. We analyse what went right and what went wrong as we discover that many outcomes can be predicted, planned for and even prevented. This is Causality and I’m John Chidgey. An electrical engineer by degree, Chartered Professional Engineer in Electrical, Information, Telecommunications and Electronic Engineering, with a passion for fault finding, root cause analysis and above all else, learning lessons from our collective mistakes. Because when we don’t understand our collective history, we’re doomed to make the same mistakes, over and over again. I’m the creator, writer, researcher, host, editor and producer of Causality. My goal: not only explore what went wrong with major incidents that occurred around the world throughout history, but to explore what people, real people that could have made a difference at the time, what could they have done differently to prevent that from happening. How can we design things better? How can prevent incidents from occurring. From Titanic to Challenger, from Piper Alpha to Flint Michigan, from Bhopal to Deepwater Horizon, there are always things we could have done, to prevent them. No actors, no sound effects, no re-enactments, no nonsense. If you’re an engineer, an operator, a designer, a developer or a person that’s just curious and cares, I hope you’ll join me as we discover that many outcomes can be predicted, planned for and even prevented. I’m John Chidgey. This is Causality. Thanks in advance for listening. Support Causality on Patreon
48: Instituto Goiano de Radioterapia
Nov 18 2022
48: Instituto Goiano de Radioterapia
When a radiation therapy machine was left behind during a move between buildings in central Brazil, it set in motion a series of events that would lead to one of the worst radiological incidents in history. We look into how bureaucracy and misdiagnosis cost four people their lives and how the actions of a concerned mother with no medical experience, saved the lives of countless more.With John Chidgey.This show is Podcasting 2.0 Enhanced Create your own Credited Soundbite Official Report: The Radiological Accident in Goiânia (PDF) Links of Interest: Goiânia AccidentIGR - Instituto Goiano de RadiologiaTeletherapy CapsuleBecquerelThe Goiânia IncidentCaesiumGray Other Reports and Articles: The most rambling and insane nuclear accident in history (Italian)Doctors and the radioactive accident (Portugese)Notes on nuclear energy. What lawyers should know about nuclear technology (Spanish)Goiânia Brazil 1987 - Rick On TheaterCaesium Radiation Goiania Brazil - 1102The blue powder entranced…then it killed…The Response to Technological Accidents: The Case of Radioactive Accident in Goiania (PDF) (Portugese) News Articles: Victims of Radiation Ostracised in BrazilA Brazilian burglar stole a capsule…The Perception of Individuals Involved in the Accident With Caesium-137Two Radiation Victims DieThe Goiâna Incident - NCT Magazine Related Incidents: List of orphan source incidentsSamut Prakan radiation accidentOrigin of Cobalt-60 traced to Delhi University1962 Mexico City radiation accident Support Causality on PatreonEpisode Gold Producers: 'r' and Steven Bridle.Episode Silver Producers: Mitch Biegler, Kevin Koch, Shane O'Neill, Lesley, Jared, Joel Maher, Katharina Will, Dave Jones and Kellen Frodelius-Fujimoto.With thanks to Shane O'Neill for the topic suggestion.
47: Hyatt Regency Kansas City
Jul 15 2022
47: Hyatt Regency Kansas City
The tallest building in Missouri with a large atrium perfect for big bands and dancing, hosted a regular Tea Dance in the summer of 1981. When two walkways collapsed killing over a hundred people, the investigators found multiple fundamental design errors. We look at how assumptions, redrafting conventions and negligence led to an incident that has become the case study in how not to do civil structural design.With John Chidgey.This show is Podcasting 2.0 Enhanced Create your own Credited Soundbite Links of Interest: Tea danceFast-track constructionSheraton Kansas City Hotel at Crown CenterHyatt Regency Walkway CollapseStrength Requirements by GradesAll Thread RodWide Flange Beam Dimensions ChartObituary for Jack D. GillumHotel Horror from Kansas City HistoryThe Engineer of Record and Design Responsibility Engineering Analysis: Investigation of the Kansas City Hyatt Regency Walkways Collapse (Link to PDF)Understanding the Tragic Hyatt Regency Walkway CollapseHyatt Regency Walkway Collapse 1981Hyatt Regency Walkway CollapseThe Hyatt Regency Disaster RevisitedHyatt Regency Walkway CollapseEthics in Engineering Practice and Research by Caroline WhitbeckChronology And Context Of The Hyatt Regency Collapse by Gregory P. Luth (PDF) News Articles: The Kansas City Hyatt Disaster 30 Years LaterCollapse Did Not Involve Safety ViolationsWalkway Swayed To The Rhythm Of Dancers18th July 1981 Hyatt collapseHyatt Regency Skywalk Collapse Memorial Dedicated In 20151981 Hyatt Regency Walkway CollapseHyatt Regency Collapse Remains Among The Deadliest In USA HistoryEngineers Are Held At Fault In 1981 Hotel Disaster Support Causality on PatreonEpisode Gold Producers: 'r' and Steven Bridle.Episode Silver Producers: Mitch Biegler, Kevin Koch, Shane O'Neill, Lesley, Hafthor, Jared, Bill, Joel Maher, Katharina Will and Dave Jones.
46: Mindbender
May 16 2022
46: Mindbender
The longest, tallest, fastest indoor rollercoaster in the world was only open six months when the last carriage of a train came loose, killing three people and all that the day following an inspection that the ride was safe to operate. We look at how a design choice made maintenance more critical and then how wishing for a ride to be safe, doesn't really help.With John Chidgey.This show is Podcasting 2.0 Enhanced Links of Interest: MindbenderGeoffrey KulakMindbender (Galaxyland)Triple Five GroupRoller coaster wheel assembly BogieSchwarzkopf GmbH6 Reasons Why Bolts Fail & How To Prevent ItTesting for Amusement Rides and Theme Parks TÜV SÜD Videos: Tragedy on the MindbenderMindbender Accident Inquiry - Film & Video Stock News Articles: Coaster Ride’s Mastermind FiredRoller-coaster goes at full tiltMindbender 25 Years LaterRoller-coaster Derailment Kills ThreeSurvivor of 1986 mall coaster crash wants memorial3 Hurled to Death in Canada as Roller Coaster Derails in MallAuthorities today investigated a weekend triple-loop ‘Mindbender’ roller coaster3 Killed in RollerCoaster CrashMall Owner Blames Manufacturer’s Defect for Roller Coaster Deaths Rollercoaster Articles: 31 years ago today, the Mindbender rollercoaster at WEM crashed10 Deadliest Roller Coaster AccidentsList of incidents at independent amusement parksAmusement Ride AccidentsThe Mindbender Fantasy Roller Coaster Accident in CanadaWorst Coaster Crash?Mindbender - Galaxyland - Roller CoastersMindbender - Galaxyland Amusement ParkAmerican Dreier LoopingMindbender Edmonton SchwarzkopfmindbenderAnton SchwarzkopfMindbender (Galaxyland) Legislature Assembly Minutes: 21st Legislature First Session Minutes (PDF) Support Causality on PatreonEpisode Gold Producers: 'r' and Steven Bridle.Episode Silver Producers: Mitch Biegler, Kevin Koch, Shane O'Neill, Lesley Law Chan, Hafthor, Jared, Bill, Joel Maher and Katharina Will.With thanks to Quinton Zaborski for the topic suggestion.
45: Granville
Apr 2 2022
45: Granville
In 1977, a commuter train from the Blue Mountains, destined for Sydney central station would derail just before Granville Station, causing a bridge to collapse and crush many aboard. It remains Australia's worst ever rail disaster that was predicted by 11 engineering department heads just a year earlier. We look at how management decisions led to a completely avoidable disaster.With John Chidgey.This show is Podcasting 2.0 Enhanced Links of Interest: Granville rail disasterThe Day of the RosesPublic Transport Commission of NSWGranville Train DisasterTurnoutsCityRailAustralia’s worst rail disasterThe Granville Train Disaster AssociationRevisiting the Granville Train Disaster of 1977: Barry GobbeRemembering the Day of the RosesWheel was covered up45 years since Granville Train DisasterGranville Train Disaster Memorial GardenThe rail disaster that changed AustraliaMixed response as NSW Government apologises for Australia’s worst train disasterGranville Railway DisasterGranville train disaster: victims speak out Formal Investigation Extracts: Formal Investigation State Records AuthorityReport on the formal investigation UNSW AlmaFormal Investigation extract: Research DataResearch Data Australia Search Informal Investigations: Permanent Way Institution Granville SearchGranville: The Untold StoryThe Granville Train DisasterThe Granville Disaster Video: Granville Train Disaster Documentary (Video) Support Causality on PatreonEpisode Gold Producers: 'r' and Steven Bridle.Episode Silver Producers: Mitch Biegler, John Whitlow, Kevin Koch, Shane O'Neill, Oliver Steele, Lesley Law Chan, Hafthor, Jared, Bill, Joel Maher and Katharina Will.
44: Beirut Warehouse 12
Feb 10 2022
44: Beirut Warehouse 12
In Beirut in August of 2020, an explosion at the Port of Beirut destroyed a huge part of the city. We look into how an oxidising agent, improperly handled can become an explosive and attempt to comprehend how something so dangerous was ignored repeatedly by key people, despite many warnings of an imminent disaster.With John Chidgey.This show is Podcasting 2.0 Enhanced Links of Interest: 2020 Beirut ExplosionCondensation CloudPrillANFOAmmonium NitrateHow an unscheduled port visit led to disasterBeirut Ammonium Nitrate BlastGovernment Amends Ammonium Nitrate RulesFBI probe shows amount of chemicals in Beirut blast was a fraction of original shipmentBeirut Whistleblower Returns to WorkIdeal Gas LawGases, Liquids and Solids Reports into the incident: Human Rights Watch (PDF)The Beirut Port Explosion, Forensic Architecture Video and Images: Video of Explosion 1 (Twitter)Video of Explosion 2 (Twitter)Video of Wilsons Cloud Ring (Twitter) Documentary: Beirut Blast: The Story Of Warehouse 12 (2021)Beirut Blast: The Story of Warehouse 12 (2021) - IMDbBeirut Blast: The Story of Warehouse 12 (Streamable outside Europe) Ammonium Nitrate Information: Storage requirements for security sensitive ammonium nitrate (SSAN) | Resources Safety & Health QueenslandOrica Mining Services, Report for Kooragang Island Uprate PHA MOD1 Report (PDF)Ammonium Nitrate Advisory USEPA (PDF)Orica ANFO MSDS (PDF) Support Causality on PatreonEpisode sponsor:Many Tricks: If you’re looking for some Mac software that can do Many Tricks remember to specifically visit the URL below for more information about their amazingly useful apps. Check out their newest app Menuwhere, it’s amazing! Visit manytricks.com/pragmatic and use the Coupon Code (listen to the episode to get the code) for 25% off the total price of your order. Hurry it's only for a limited time!Episode Gold Producers: 'r' and Steven Bridle.Episode Silver Producers: Mitch Biegler, John Whitlow, Kevin Koch, Shane O'Neill, Oliver Steele, Lesley Law Chan, Hafthor, Jared, Bill, Joel Maher and Katharina Will.
43: Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
Nov 9 2021
43: Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
In 1911 in Manhattan, New York, a clothing factory went up in flames just before closing time. We look at how faulty equipment, poor design and a fear of theft contributed to a wholly preventable incident that had such terrible consequences, but would trigger reforms that still impact the United States, a century later.With John Chidgey.This show is Podcasting 2.0 Enhanced Links of Interest: Triangle Shirtwaist Factory FireBrown BuildingShirtwaistCourt Transcript of the Criminal TrialThe Triangle Fire of 1911Sweatshop TragedyBrown Building (PDF)Sweatshop DefinitionMachinery Needed for Garment ManufacturingDifferent Types of Sewing Line LayoutWorld Tallest Building Passive Fire PreventionEarly 19th Century Firefighting Cornell University’s Excellent Resource on the Incident: The Triangle Factory FireThe Triangle Factory Fire: Report SummariesThe Triangle Factory Fire: Timeline Support Causality on PatreonEpisode sponsor:Many Tricks: If you’re looking for some Mac software that can do Many Tricks remember to specifically visit the URL below for more information about their amazingly useful apps. Check out their newest app Menuwhere, it’s amazing! Visit manytricks.com/pragmatic and use the Coupon Code (listen to the episode to get the code) for 25% off the total price of your order. Hurry it's only for a limited time!Episode Gold Producers: 'r' and Steven Bridle.Episode Silver Producers: Mitch Biegler, John Whitlow, Shane O'Neill, Kevin Koch, Oliver Steele, Lesley Law Chan, Hafthor, Jared, Bill and Joel Maher.
42: Royal Canberra Hospital
Sep 16 2021
42: Royal Canberra Hospital
The original Royal Canberra Hospital was flagged to be demolished in 1997 to make way for the new National Museum. A demolition via implosion was selected, but the implosion resulted in an explosion instead, and debris showered the huge crowd of onlookers with fatal consequences.With John Chidgey.This show is Podcasting 2.0 Enhanced Report into the Incident: Inquest Into The Death of Katie Bender (PDF) Video Footage of the Demolition: Canberra Hospital Implosion 1997 - YouTubeRoyal Canberra Hospital Implosion - TEN News 13 July 1997 - YouTube Video of Interest: Miami Resort | Building Demolition | BlowDown Links of Interest: Royal Canberra HospitalBuilding ImplosionRoyal Canberra Hospital ImplosionRoyal Canberra Hospital Implosion ImagesProject CoordinationThe 1996 Australian Federal ElectionSuccessful ACT WorkSafe prosecutions Explosives Used In Demolition: Shaped ChargeRIOGEL TRONER HEWhat is Powergel explosive?C-4 Explosive Support Causality on PatreonEpisode sponsor:Soulver.App: You’ve tried a calculator and a spreadsheet but if you haven’t tried Soulver yet you’re missing out on a great app that fits perfectly with the way your brain actually thinks. Soulver is available from Soulver.app and also through the Mac App Store. Visit soulver.appto learn more.Episode Gold Producers: 'r' and Steven Bridle.Episode Silver Producers: Mitch Biegler, John Whitlow, Shane O'Neill, Kevin Koch, Oliver Steele, Lesley Law Chan, Hafthor, Jared and Bill.With thanks to Infamous Sphere for the topic suggestion.
41: Florida International University
Jul 8 2021
41: Florida International University
The university wanted a bridge for its students over a busy roadway that would appear intriguing from afar. Instead it collapsed before it was even finished. We look into how design errors, poor peer review and denial led to a collapse that claimed six peoples lives.With John Chidgey.This show is Podcasting 2.0 Enhanced Report into the Incidents: NTSB Final Report (PDF) Design Criteria and Bid: FIU Pedestrian Bridge Design Criteria Rev 0 (PDF)FIU Pedestrian Bridge Design Criteria Rev 1 (PDF)MCM / FIGG Proposal (PDF) Civil Structural References: TrussTruss BridgesSteel Bridge DesignWhat is Post-tensioning?Prestressed, Pretensioned and Post-Tensioned ConcreteEngineer of Record DefinitionNon-Destructive Concrete Evaluation & testing Companies Involved: Louis Berger is now part of WSPWSP GlobalFIGG EngineeringFIGG Bridge Engineers Links of Potential Interest: Florida bridge collapse has some hard lessonsFlorida International University pedestrian bridge collapseUniversity-City Prosperity ProjectMeet the prominent Miami firm behind the collapsed FIU bridgeMiami Bridge Failure Part 3: The Peer ReviewFHWA proposes 10-year debarment for FIGG Bridge EngineersLouis Berger only firm refusing to settle FIU bridge collapseBankrupt construction company that built FIU bridge reaches deal to pay victims $42MLessons learnt 3 years since Florida tragedyFHWA proposes 10-year debarment for FIGG Bridge EngineersJudge Rejects FIGG’s Motion to Halt 10-Year Debarment Riverside Expressway: Glimmer of hope?Riverside Expressway Support Causality on PatreonEpisode Gold Producers: 'r' and Steven Bridle.Episode Silver Producers: Mitch Biegler, John Whitlow, Shane O'Neill, Kevin Koch, Oliver Steele, Lesley Law Chan, Hafthor and Bill.
39: Therac-25
Mar 23 2021
39: Therac-25
The successor to the Therac-6 and Therac-20 RadioTherapy machines would integrate the powerful DEC PDP-11 mini-computer to control all of the Therac-25s functions, including the safety interlocks, for the first time. In two years the 11 machines in service would overdose six people across two countries, killing three of them before they figured out why.With John Chidgey.This show is Podcasting 2.0 Enhanced Reports into the Incidents: An Investigation of the Therac-25 Accidents‎Medical Devices: The Therac-25The Therac-25: 30 Years LaterA Usage-Model Based Approach to Test Therac-25Good Computing: A Virtue Approach To Computer Ethics: Chapter 6 Links of Potential Interest: Therac-25The PDP-11 Assembly LanguagePDP-11Digital Equipment CorporationProgrammed Data ProcessorRad (unit)Order of MagnitudeMyelitisCollimatorFatal Dose: Radiation Deaths linked to AECL Computer ErrorsReactor Accidents: The Human FalloutAn Overview on Radiotherapy: From Its History to Its Current Applications in DermatologyIn MedTech History: MammographyThe programmer behind the THERAC-25 Fiasco was never foundAMA: My professor investigated the Therac-25 incidentHow history, principles and standards led to the safety PLC Support Causality on PatreonEpisode sponsors:Premium Jane: Premium Jane are a US-based provider of organic CBD products that meet the highest standards of quality and purity. Visit premiumjane.com and use the Coupon Code PJ20OFF for 20% off. Hurry it's only for a limited time!Many Tricks: If you’re looking for some Mac software that can do Many Tricks remember to specifically visit the URL below for more information about their amazingly useful apps. Don’t forget the return of Usher with the Usher 2 Pre-Sale! Visit manytricks.com/pragmatic and use the Coupon Code (listen to the episode to get the code) for 25% off the total price of your order. Hurry it's only for a limited time!Episode Gold Producers: 'r' and Chip Salzenberg.Episode Silver Producers: Mitch Biegler, John Whitlow, Kevin Koch, Oliver Steele, Lesley Law Chan, Hafthor and Shane O'Neill.
37: Variola Birmingham
Nov 26 2020
37: Variola Birmingham
In 1978 on the cusp of the eradication of SmallPox a Medical Photographer became infected and would ultimately die from the Variola virus. We look at how admiration, promotion and delegation led to a wholly avoidable outcome.With John Chidgey.Investigation Report: The Shooter Report (PDF) Medical Analyses: CDC Analysis of the R0 of SmallPox (PDF) Links of Potential Interest: SmallPoxHistory of SmallpoxBiosafety Level 4A Bioweapon Expert Explains Four Ways A Pathogen Can Escape From A LabReview of Medical Errors in Laboratory Diagnostics and Where We Are TodayPathogens Sometimes Escape the Lab With Deadly Results1970s Chinese pandemic was a lab mistakeBio-Unsafety Level 3: Could the Next Lab Accident Result in a Pandemic?SmallPox is not DeadCaroline Foulkes looks back at the 1978 outbreakSmallpox virus retention debateLessons learned from smallpox outbreak Support Causality on PatreonEpisode sponsors:Soulver.App: You’ve tried a calculator and a spreadsheet but if you haven’t tried Soulver yet you’re missing out on a great app that fits perfectly with the way your brain actually thinks. Soulver is available from Soulver.app and also through the Mac App Store. Visit soulver.appto learn more.Many Tricks: If you’re looking for some Mac software that can do Many Tricks remember to specifically visit the URL below for more information about their amazingly useful apps. Don’t forget the return of Usher with the Usher 2 Pre-Sale! Visit manytricks.com/pragmatic and use the Coupon Code (listen to the episode to get the code) for 25% off the total price of your order. Hurry it's only for a limited time!Episode Gold Producer: 'r'.Episode Silver Producers: Mitch Biegler, John Whitlow, Kevin Koch, Oliver Steele, Lesley Law Chan, Hafthor and Shane O'Neill.
33: 737 MAX
Jan 30 2020
33: 737 MAX
With two crashes in five months of the new 737 4th Generation a design flaw seemed likely. We look at how Boeings focus on cost-avoidance, grandfathering and bending probabilities during design would ultimately cost 346 people their lives.With John Chidgey.Related episodes: Causality Episode 10: The CometCausality Episode 14: Concorde Investigation and Reports: FAA Finds New Safety Risk in Boeing 737 MaxKNKT JT610 Final ReportNTSB ASR-19-01 Safety Recommendation ReportJATR Report: Boeing 737 MAX Flight Control System History of Boeing: History of BoeingBoeing 737 ClassicBoeing 737 Next GenerationBoeing 737 MAX Technical Information: 737 MAX: MCAS - The Boeing 737 Technical GuideFlight Controls - The Boeing 737 Technical GuideA quantum leap forward Aerospace Manufacturing MagazineAngle Of AttackAngle of Attack Sensor 0861FL1V SpeedsWing RootCFM International CFM56CFM International LEAPFundamentals Of Airliner Performance: The EngineManeuvering Characteristics Augmentation System: MCASUsing The 737-800 And 737-900 FlapsUnderstanding Flaps Standards and Bulletins: AC 25.1309-1AC 25.1309-1AHazard Classification Matrix Based On JAR AMJ 25.1309 SeverityICAO Annex 19: Safety ManagementEASA Type-Certificate Datasheet Boring 737FAA Advisory Circular 23.1309-1EFAA Advisory Circular 25-7CFAA System Safety Handbook Chapter 3: Principles of System SafetyAMJ25.1309 Change 15 Fallout: Lion Air Flight 610American Airlines FleetSouthwest Airlines FleetSouthwest Airlines Pilots Sue Boeing Over 737 Max Grounding737 Max Crisis: Boeing To Borrow $10BBoeing 737 Max Designed By ClownsBoeing 737 MAX GroundingsBoeing 737 Max Plane Crash Victims Families Sickened By Fired Boeing CEOs PayoutBoeing Announces Leadership ChangesBoeing Statement On 737 MAX Return To ServiceBoeing Earnings Q2 2019Boeing Earnings Q3 2019Boeing Knew Of 737 Max Flaws Before CrashBoeing Left Safety Features Off 737 MaxBoeing Misses On EarningsBoeing To Recommend Simulator Training For 737 Max PilotsBoeing Will Suspend 737 Max Production In January 2020Family Of Lion Air Co-pilot Sues BoeingLion Air crash: Cockpit Voice Recorder Is Found By Divers Forum Articles: What Are The Checklist Items For A Runaway Stabiliser TrimWhy Can’t The 737 MAX’s Horizontal Stabilizer Autotrim Be Cut OutHow To Disable The Stabilizer Trim Cutoff SwitchesWhat Is The Procedure To Disable MCASHow The Stabilizer Cutout Switch Functionality Changed From NG to MAX Links of potential interest: Airline Pilot SalariesIn Service Safety At Boeing: October 2014 PresentationPilots Fought Automatic Safety SystemBoeing Statement on Lion Air Flight 610 Preliminary ReportHow A 50yr Old Design Came Back To Haunt BoeingAoA Vane Must Have FailedFlawed Assumptions Paved A Path To DisasterThe 737 Max Has Cost Boeing $9.2B And CountingThe Complaints Pilots Filed About Boeing’s 737 MaxThe Many Human Errors That Brought Down The Boeing 737 MaxWhat Happened On Board The Lion Air Boeing 737 Max That Crashed Support Causality on PatreonEpisode sponsor:Many Tricks: If you’re looking for some Mac software that can do Many Tricks remember to specifically visit the URL below for more information about their amazingly useful apps. Visit manytricks.com/pragmatic and use the Coupon Code (listen to the episode to get the code) for 25% off the total price of your order. Hurry it's only for a limited time!Episode Gold Producer: 'r'.Episode Silver Producers: John Whitlow, Joseph Antonio, Kevin Koch and Shane O'Neill.
31: Black Energy
Oct 3 2019
31: Black Energy
The evening before Christmas Eve in 2015 saw a widespread blackout of the power grid across the Ukraine. We look at how a cyber-attack on electric utility companies in Europe, changed how cyber-security is regarded in control systems, forever.With John Chidgey.Links of potential interest: December 2015 Ukraine Power Grid Cyber-attackAnalysis of the Cyber Attack on the Ukrainian Power Grid [PDF]Ukraine Report: When The Lights Went Out [PDF]Inside the Cunning, Unprecedented Hack of Ukraine’s Power GridCyber-Attack Against Ukrainian Critical InfrastructureEverything We Know About Ukraine’s Power Plant HackBlackEnergyBlackEnergy, Grid-Disrupting Malware, Has a Successor, Researchers WarnScary Questions in Ukraine Energy Grid HackUkraine Cyber Induced Power Outage: Analysis And Practical Mitigation Strategies [PDF]New Clues Show How Russia’s Grid Hackers Aimed for Physical DestructionIndustroyer: An in-depth Look At The Culprit Behind Ukraine’s Power Grid BlackoutUkrainian Power Grids Cyber-attackRussian Translation: Obelnergo Message to ConsumersMOXA UC-7408-LX PlusMOXA UC-7408-LX Plus Firmware Overwrite VulnerabilityiRZ RUH2IRZ RUH2 3G Firmware Overwrite VulnerabilityNCCIC: Ukrainian Power AttackUS Wants To Isolate Power Grids With ‘Retro’ Technology To Limit Cyber-attacksLinkedIn Is A Hacker’s Dream Tool Support Causality on PatreonEpisode Gold Producer: 'r'.Episode Silver Producers: Carsten Hansen, John Whitlow, Joseph Antonio and Kevin Koch.
30: Tim Maia
Jul 4 2019
30: Tim Maia
As part of Rio's preparations for the Olympics in 2016 a cycling pathway was built adjacent to a narrow, congested roadway along a picturesque shoreline. When a section collapsed only months before the opening ceremony killing two people, the world looked on with growing concerns about the imminent Olympics.With John Chidgey.Links of potential interest: Deaths on Collapsed Rio de Janeiro Bike Path Deal Safety Blow to Olympic HostAnger Grows Over Rio Bike Path Failure - WSJQuestions Continue After the Collapse of Rio’s Cycle PathFaulty Planning Blamed for Deadly CollapsePadlocked and Falling Apart: Rio’s Olympic LegacyBike Lane Collapse Kills People on BeachAre Brazil’s Corruption Scandals Finally Hitting the Olympics?Rio, the Olympics, and Broken PromisesArchitects Say Rio’s Olympic Bike Path Was Destined to CollapsePetition Calls for Complete Demolition of Cycle-pathJudge Orders Closure of Rio Cycleway Photo Gallery Links: Gallery of A Stretch of Rio de Janeiro’s Tim Maia Bike Path CollapsesThe Collapsed Area of the new Cycle Lane Links of Interest (Portuguese): Queda da Ciclovia: Doações à campanhas feitas pela CONCREMAT e os Grandes JogosTweet: “‘Podre, tem que fazer tudo outra vez’, diz vice-prefeito sobre ciclovia Tim Maia, no Rio”PETIÇÃO PARA A DEMOLIÇÃO DA CICLOVIA DA AVENIDA NIEMEYER Support Causality on PatreonEpisode sponsors:Backblaze: Gimmick free, truly unlimited, cloud backup for your Mac or PC for just $6 a month with discounts for annual plans. Sign up via the following URL and for a 15 day no-risk free trial. Don’t take a chance with your data, start protecting your work and your memories today. Visit backblaze.com/causalityto learn more.Soulver.App: You’ve tried a calculator and a spreadsheet but if you haven’t tried Soulver yet you’re missing out on a great app that fits perfectly with the way your brain actually thinks. Soulver for iOS is available through the App Store and the newly updated Soulver 3 for Mac from Acqualias website. Visit soulver.appto learn more.Episode Gold Producer: 'r'.Episode Silver Producers: Carsten Hansen, John Whitlow and Joseph Antonio.