Science Talk with Naz

Nazerke

Are you seeking for some tips and wisdom from scientists? Here we talk about science and share academic experiences and more. In general, I am keen on talking with people in any scientific fields and/or who have general interest in science because diversity provides resilience.

This podcast will:

  1. Deliver more detailed description about an academic life for all students who want to pursue an academic career
  2. Deep talks with academics about their research works
  3. Academic journeys and experiences

Overall, any episode contains advice and guidance for everyone who has an interest in science.

Website: https://www.podcastics.com/podcast/science-talk-with-naz/


Start Here
Soil Microorganisms / Soil Greenhouse Gases / C stocks / About becoming a better scientist
Sep 2 2022
Soil Microorganisms / Soil Greenhouse Gases / C stocks / About becoming a better scientist
Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern is a Soil Science and Soil Microbiology professor at the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna. Head of Soil Research Institute at BOKU.  Expertise: Biodiversity and function of soil organisms and their interactions; Biology of the Nitrogen Cycle; Climate change and greenhouse gases; Metabolism of gases in soils. Awards: Web of Science Highly Cited Researcher (2019): identified by Clarivate Analytics as one of the world’s most influential contemporary researchers (top 1% ranking), and more in the link below.   Description of the episode: Besides the explanations given on specific field (soil microbiology) questions, Prof. Sophie also shares her experiences in the academic world. The episode contains very valuable messages and advice for young scientists (the link for the book recommendation is below).      0:00:00   Intro 0:01:21   what we know about the N cycle 0:05:44   "I find everything interesting about N cycle ..." 0:09:54   responses of soil microorganisms on drying & rewetting events  0:18:07   greenhouse gases under drying & rewetting events 0:22:14   how well do we understand greenhouse gas emissions from soils  0:31:15   about biochar 0:41:24   about CH4 sink & C sequestration   0:44:35   extreme events / Regenerative Agriculture / burning fields (etc.) 0:52:06   how to write a good scientific paper? 1:00:00   to all beginner scientists 1:04:44   advice to my younger self 1:09:04   if I would not become a scientist ...  1:12:40   "being sad or scared doesn't help anything... if everyone acts in their small worlds - we can make a change!" 1:19:10   the meaning of life       The book title: "Writing Science: How to Write Papers That Get Cited and Proposals That Get Funded." The link to the book:     Guest:  Prof. Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern Google Scholar:   source of academic qualifications and achievements:       Host: Nazerke Amangeldy LinkedIn:   Twitter:   Science Talk with Naz: Website:
Soil Microorganisms / Soil Greenhouse Gases / C stocks / About becoming a better scientist
Sep 2 2022
Soil Microorganisms / Soil Greenhouse Gases / C stocks / About becoming a better scientist
Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern is a Soil Science and Soil Microbiology professor at the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna. Head of Soil Research Institute at BOKU.  Expertise: Biodiversity and function of soil organisms and their interactions; Biology of the Nitrogen Cycle; Climate change and greenhouse gases; Metabolism of gases in soils. Awards: Web of Science Highly Cited Researcher (2019): identified by Clarivate Analytics as one of the world’s most influential contemporary researchers (top 1% ranking), and more in the link below.   Description of the episode: Besides the explanations given on specific field (soil microbiology) questions, Prof. Sophie also shares her experiences in the academic world. The episode contains very valuable messages and advice for young scientists (the link for the book recommendation is below).      0:00:00   Intro 0:01:21   what we know about the N cycle 0:05:44   "I find everything interesting about N cycle ..." 0:09:54   responses of soil microorganisms on drying & rewetting events  0:18:07   greenhouse gases under drying & rewetting events 0:22:14   how well do we understand greenhouse gas emissions from soils  0:31:15   about biochar 0:41:24   about CH4 sink & C sequestration   0:44:35   extreme events / Regenerative Agriculture / burning fields (etc.) 0:52:06   how to write a good scientific paper? 1:00:00   to all beginner scientists 1:04:44   advice to my younger self 1:09:04   if I would not become a scientist ...  1:12:40   "being sad or scared doesn't help anything... if everyone acts in their small worlds - we can make a change!" 1:19:10   the meaning of life       The book title: "Writing Science: How to Write Papers That Get Cited and Proposals That Get Funded." The link to the book:     Guest:  Prof. Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern Google Scholar:   source of academic qualifications and achievements:       Host: Nazerke Amangeldy LinkedIn:   Twitter:   Science Talk with Naz: Website:
Diseases (IQ reduction, itai-itai, etc.) & Water, Soil contamination by Heavy Metals, use of Isotopes
Jul 8 2022
Diseases (IQ reduction, itai-itai, etc.) & Water, Soil contamination by Heavy Metals, use of Isotopes
Christoph Noller - Ecologist and Soil Scientist. He is a Ph.D. student at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna. Christoph has worked a lot on contaminated soils with heavy metals such as arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), etc.    Description of the episode:  In this episode, we discuss heavy metals, their influences on the human body, isotopes, soil microorganisms, and the ways of recovering contaminated soils, sources, etc. Christoph also mentions diseases such as Japanese diseases "itai-Itai", Minamata, cancer, etc.    0:00  Intro 0:49  What are heavy metals (HM)? 4:39  Sources of heavy metals (HM) 7:14  The biggest problem of soils being contaminated by HM 8:34  HM: Japanese "Itai-Itai", minamata, cancer and other deseases 10:27  Lead causing IQ reduction in children  12:00  "Everybody can understand what I do..." 13:51  "Children eat a lot of soil... so they also have the biggest problem..." 17:07  Ways of recovering heavy metal contaminations 19:58  Washing & separating soil / Removing clay  21:20  Using plants to remove heavy metals 22:00  Difficulties  24:10  About "Hyperaccumulator plants." 28:37  About stable isotopes, finding human origin country by their teeth, using isotopes for testing champagne quality,  37:39  Heavy metals influence soil microorganisms 39:16  "Soil quality is very subjective ..." 42:26  About building the "Urban garden" 47:00  "I can't think of only a positive future..." 48:13  Advice to my younger self: "Start programming..." 49:25  "I kind of like that life is complex..." 51:00 The meaning of life (explanation with a meme)   Guest: Christoph Noller on LinkedIn:   Host: Nazerke Amangeldy LinkedIn:   Talk with Naz: Website:
AI & machine learning in Soil Sciences, IMSOGLO, past/future of Soil Sciences & Soil Modeling
Jun 24 2022
AI & machine learning in Soil Sciences, IMSOGLO, past/future of Soil Sciences & Soil Modeling
Episode description: In this episode, we talk about AI & machine learning in Soil Sciences, IMSOGLO, the Past/Future of Soil Sciences & Soil Modelling, Inspirations, Books, Advice, and more topics.  In between the questions, Prof. Finke shares his experiences and always gives simple and funny examples to make his ideas rather deliberate. So, surely you can also listen to this episode to make your day feel better!  About our guest: Prof. Peter Finke is a Full Professor at the Department of Environment, Ghent University, and IMSOGLO program director and academic coordinator at Ghent University. On Google Scholar, there are 158 articles, 6 books, and many other works of Prof. Finke that are available in the link below. Perhaps, better to put Prof. Finke's own description from his LinkedIn account (link below) about his work: "These days I aim to develop and extend soil formation models that assist in the quantification of effects of global change on soil properties (and vice versa)."      0:00   Who is Professor Peter Finke 1:20   The "simple motivation" for organizing the IMSOGLO program 7:08   Why Aarhus, BOKU, Gottingen Universities?  /  "We also asked others, but... " 10:59   Why do IMSOGLO have only two majors?  13:40   Will machine learning / AI / soil modeling / bioinformatics be included in IMSOGLO? 19:35   What has changed after the 2007 interview? 27:42   The International Union of Soil Sciences 29:56   How to become a member of Soil Science unions 31:28   Soil Modelling is essential? Why? 35:00   Two futures of Soil Modelling (Prof. Finke's Ph.D. story) 39:35   Future of Soil Mapping  41:37   Can Advanced Modeling and Digital Soil Mapping replace/reduce fieldworks in the future? 47:08   "I can name two people who inspired me..., and one of them invented the Precision Agriculture..." 51:00   The lessons I learned from these two people 54:40   I read "The Lord of the Rings" in one weekend! 1:00:05   What skills are essential for students in the future? 1:04:00   "Think very clearly what is driving you... be careful! ..." 1:11:30   Don't trust the politicians!  1:19:37   Science is better than an opinion. Why? 1:22:40   Advice for all students  /  "Sleep minimally 6 hours, and..." 1:26:30   For "Procrastinator Students." 1:29:24   Belgium style of preparing for an exam (with beer)  1:30:48   The meaning of life is a movie... 1:33:34   My meaning of life is not fulfilled; something is missing... 1:36:00   How/Where to find me online Prof. Peter Finke's Google Scholar: Peter Finke's LinkedIn: the IMSOGLO program: International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS):   Host: Nazerke Amangeldy LinkedIn: Talk with Naz: Website:
Digital Soil Mapping / N addition to forest soils / Soil Drying and Rewetting
Jun 15 2022
Digital Soil Mapping / N addition to forest soils / Soil Drying and Rewetting
Stefan J. Forstner, a Ph.D. at the Austrian Research Centre for Forests (BFW). Stefan is a young scientist who has already published the research works he has been involved in since 2018. Currently, he is working on the "Digital Soil Map of Austria". In this episode, you get to know about Stefan's past and present research works. Most importantly, he was very open and supportive of the idea of making this episode! I can't thank enough people who are very open to sharing their knowledge and responsive to my offer! This podcast would not exist without these people. And science keeps evolving, and knowledge keeps being shared (instead of buried with one) thanks to people like Stefan and all my previous guests, including my future guests. 00:35 Soil Mapping & 70 years-long "Digital soil Mapping of Austria." 08:24 "Digital" vs. "Traditional" soil mapping 10:27 Why soil maps are essential 20:17 Sources to learn "Digital Soil Mapping" 21:36 Long-term simulation of nitrogen decomposition in the forest (the article link is below) 29:41 Why did Phosphorous limitation occur in the forest? 36:11 2040 "society collapse prediction" and Phosphorous limit in 2040 38:48 Australian bio-toilets 41:16 Does humanity have a future? 44:42 My personal story of "taking action" (more on bio-toilet) 49:04 Why Simulated Soil Drying and Rewetting experiments are cool! 56:23 China changing weather artificially 58:00 A problem with cover crops (sorry for the warning signal) 59:09 Challenges with soil microorganisms 1:06:24 Does Climate Change scare you? 01:08:10 do "Tai Chi"! 01:10:20 My favorite thing about science... 01:12:25 About the meaning of life 01:13:31 Where and how to find me online   After a few days later, Stefan also added some information (on one of my questions) in my LinkedIn comment section. So, I decided to copy and paste the comment as it is for people who will find it interesting:  "I just realized that I did not answer (at least) one of your questions: Overall there are a little less than 12k soil profiles for about 1.3 Mio hectares of agricultural area in Austria. So 1 profile for every 100-110 ha on average. Each profile was judged by the soil mapper to be representative for one "soil form" (= the mapped polygons = areas with the same soil type + similar site characteristics, as I tried to explain). Soil forms ("Bodenformen" in German) can cover from 100 to over 2500 ha each. But still on average 1 profile was dug for every 100 ha. This partly explains why mapping is still ongoing after ~70 years... (but we will finish it within a foreseeable future ;))." The end of the comment. Sources to learn "Soil Mapping" suggested by Stefan: ISRIC Official website link for ISRIC: spring school: Soil Map of Austria (unfortunately in German only): discussed in this episode: 1.   2. to find Stefan Online? Stefan J. Forstner's Google Scholar:  J. Forstner's's LinkedIn: 1. Talk with Naz: Website: Amangeldy Instagram:
Stem greenhouse gases / Forest management systems / Forest soils and greenhouse gases
Jun 3 2022
Stem greenhouse gases / Forest management systems / Forest soils and greenhouse gases
In this episode we discuss greenhouse gases and their natural sources such as forest and soil, where we cover related topics as well (forest management systems, greenhouse gas measurements, tree species etc.) At the same time, we cover the most common topics about PhD reaserch as publishing papers, peer reviewing, sources of stress etc. 0:00 who is Anike Berane / What does she study 0:43 what are "natural greenhouse gases." The role of soil & forest 3:48 trees are dangerous? 6:32 carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O) & methane (CH4) - greenhouse gases 11:45 Anike's Ph.D. research project. Different forest management systems /  german forest history / relations between forest soils and greenhouse gases 16:30 the most "Climate Change" resistant tree 18:00 what are "forest management systems."  20:58 how greenhouse gases measured in forest 22:12 difficulties during fieldwork: wild pigs / weather  23:34 Ph.D. = independence (Anike's experience) 25:54 "peer review" & "publishing scientific papers" / advantageous of anonymous peer-reviewing 28:44 why you may develop "stress" or "depression" in your PhD 34:35 Ph.D.: with extension vs. without extention  37:26 is climate change real? / how to fight against "human-influenced climate change"?  main greenhouse gas emitter countries  45:28 what calms you down when you are stressed out? 46:30 advice to my younger self (Anike) 47:07 my favorite thing about science... 48:20 how does curiosity feel 49:35 where to find Anike online? Science Talk with Naz: Website: Berane Twitter:   Amangeldy Instagram:
Adventures in Russia and Kazakhstan
Apr 22 2022
Adventures in Russia and Kazakhstan
In this episode, we discuss languages, political sciences, and history. We demystify some common stereotypes about Americans, Russians, and Kazakh people. Joshua also shares his volunteer experiences with immigrants fleeing their countries.       During the conversation, many topics come up in the discussion like Ukraine, rigorous teaching methods, and some book recommendations on history. 1. The Origins of Totalitarianism by Hannah Arendt 2. Understanding Power: The Indispensable Chomsky by Noam Chomsky 3. Media Control: The Spectacular Achievements of Propaganda by Noam Chomsky 4. Sapience: A Brief History of Humankind by Yuval Noah Harari.  5. Guns, Germs and Steel:The Fate of Human Societies by Jared Diamond  6. Michel Foucault a french philosopher.  Link for the suggested books by Standford University press on Foucault: Who is Joshua Dufour 4:48 More about volunteering works in remote places / Joshua became a meme 7:49 Research background. (Languages, Political Sciences, History)  13:30 Why learn Russian? Education. Politics. Corruption 16:46 How many languages do Joshua speak / Learning Russian in Russia 21:38 What language is more difficult to understand: Kazakh vs. Russian  22:31 Cultural differences between Russia & Kaz / Personal space doesn't exist in Kaz. Asia is a big family  28:16 Stereotypes.  All Americans are rich / Russians are spies (KGB agents) / About "Borat" movie 33:30 Volunteer experiences in non-profit organizations.  About asylum seekers / Islamophobia (Surya & Uyghurs in China) / Ukraina today 40:50 Why do we always have wars in human history?  46:56 Why learn History?  49:10 Schools in Russia & Kaz 54:49 Hitting students / Jesus Professors / Criticizing Professors 58:32 Meeting monks in Russia / Austranofts in Kaz deserts / Being a teacher in Buddist Monastery / Foods     1:09:20 Books on History, Political Sciences (Hannah Arendt / Noam Chomsky / Noval Yuval Harari / Michael Fuko / Jared Diamond) 1:15:19 What I did to change the world 1:19:19 Three lessons I learned from my experiences of Eating sheep's head / Being a foreigner / Education  1:24:47 My life in a movie genre would be ... 1:25:56 How can we make the world a better place?! 1:30:23 What is the meaning of your life? What drives you in life? 1:31:27 How to balance multiple tasks & keep learning 1:33:48 What scares you the most in life? 1:36:40 The best advice for my younger self! Homophobia in Russia 1:40:33 More advice: "Not only pursue your dreams ... but also don't give up on them." Science Talk with Naz: Website: Dufour Instgram:  Amangeldy Instagram:
First-Year PhD Candidate Experience (with Ubaida Yousaf)
Apr 9 2022
First-Year PhD Candidate Experience (with Ubaida Yousaf)
In this episode, we discuss the student life after being accepted for a certain PhD position. We discuss everything starting from a first experience until some of the expected multi-tasks e.g. teaching, publishing papers etc. You can get a general description of a PhD first-year experience such as becoming an independent researcher, building a healthy relationship with your supervisors and more. So, please enjoy the episode.  -    Becoming a PhD  -    Independence in PhD  -    How to handle PhD journey (from personal experience only) 00:00 Intro 00:10 Who is Ubaida Yousaf  00:47 Ubaida's master's experience in 3 words 03:28 About Ubaida's PhD research project & work aspects 06:00 Soil microorganisms & importance of identifying C pools 07:54 How PhDs start & be familiar with an imposter syndrome  09:22 "You have to do everything on your own ... you will become a completely different person ... " 10:17 New city & new position 11:26 Asking for help 12:59 Do lab skills matter for PhD? 14:43 Teaching / helping Professors / publishing papers ... 15:58 " ... management is something you learn ... since you need to manage so many things ... " 16:40 How to handle multiple tasks (for PhD) 17:37 Burnout 19:42 Comparing yourself to others 21:12 Dealing with stress 22:26 Essential skills for PhD 25:55 Building better interructions with supervisors 27:22 About introverts & social skills 29:56 Work life balance  31:45 Joining groups & finding groups 33:29 Hiddend parts of PhD (technicalities) 34:20 How demanding is PhD? 36:09 Team vs. individual work in PhD 37:42 Art is a language of emotions 39:19 About travelling 42:31 What scares you the most in life? 43:24 Advice for my younger self 43:43 "Science is heaven for thinkers!" Science Talk with Naz: Website:   Yousaf LinkedIn: Amangeldy Instagram: