Bullaki Science Podcast

Bullaki

Thought provoking science podcast with the world's sharpest minds and leading scientists hosted by physicist Dr Samuele Lilliu. For guests and collaborations visit www.bullaki.com or contact podcast@bullaki.com. The video version of our podcast is available on: *** https://vimeo.com/showcase/9207544 *** https://odysee.com/@bullaki:0- -*** https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL-lupVtBYdaPit2t5eHexGG-owKIFGcRJ ********** www.bullaki.com ***** www.scivpro.com ***** https://vimeo.com/ ***** bullaki ***** https://www.youtube.com/bullaki read less

20. Exozoology | Bullaki Science Podcast with Arik Kershenbaum
Mar 29 2022
20. Exozoology | Bullaki Science Podcast with Arik Kershenbaum
Dr Arik Kershenbaum is a zoologist, a Fellow and Director of Studies at Girton College at the University of Cambridge, working on animal communication and the information content in highly social and cooperative species, such as wolves and dolphins.In his book “The Zoologist's Guide to the Galaxy: What Animals on Earth Reveal about Aliens and Ourselves” https://amzn.to/3qJcake, he lays down the foundation for a new field, Exozoology, or zoology beyond planet Earth. Arik is confident that properties and characteristics of life on Earth and Darwin's theory of evolution will apply throughout the universe, where life is present, and could help us understand what alien life could be like: how these creatures will move, socialize, and communicate. For example, by observing fish, whose electrical pulses indicate social status, we can see that other planets might allow for communication by electricity. As there was evolutionary pressure to wriggle along a sea floor, Earthling animals tend to have left/right symmetry; on planets where creatures evolved in midair or in soupy tar, they might be lacking any symmetry at all.Might there be an alien planet with supersonic animals? A moon where creatures have a language composed of smells? Will aliens scream with fear, act honestly, or have technology? The Zoologist's Guide to the Galaxy answers these questions using the latest science to tell the story of how life really works, on Earth and in space.In this Bullaki Science Podcast, Arik talks about some of the topics discussed in his book, with particular focus on animal intelligence and communication, including the experimental and analytical tools used by zoologists to decode animal “language”. These insights might be helpful to the current efforts by the SETI program to intercept signals from advanced alien civilizations and decode xenolanguages (alien languages). Full video here: https://vimeo.com/bullaki/arik **********Recorded: 21/03/2022Published: 29/03/2022 COPYRIGHT BULLAKI ltd******CONNECT: - Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/bullaki - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/bullaki   - Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/1U2Tnvo1PZY4Fu4QLHURJV  - Apple Podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/gb/podcast/bullaki-science-podcast/id1538487175 - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/samuele-lilliu/  - Website: www.bullaki.com  - Minds: https://www.minds.com/bullaki/ - Vimeo: https://vimeo.com/bullaki  - Odysee: https://odysee.com/@bullaki:0
19. Earth’s Earliest Animals | Dr Emily Mitchell
Mar 24 2022
19. Earth’s Earliest Animals | Dr Emily Mitchell
Dr Emily Mitchell is a palaeontologist, a NERC research fellow in the Department of Zoology at the University of Cambridge working on understanding the origins and early evolution of animals on Earth. In this Bullaki Science Podcast, Emily gives an overview of the first animal communities dating back to the Ediacaran time period (580 million years ago), which lived in the deep-sea. She also talks about her field work at Mistaken Point (Canada) involving the characterisation and preservation of Ediacaran fossils, as well as modelling methods for understanding the Ediacara biota dynamics and interactions. Her background spans a variety of fields including physics, mathematics, ecology, Earth Sciences and, more recently, astrobiology. She’s confident that the upcoming findings in exoplanet atmospheric characterisation and the potential discovery of biosignatures will help evolutionary biologist and palaeontologist in drafting a series of time snapshots describing the different stages of how life might have evolved throughout Earth’s history.Full video here: https://vimeo.com/bullaki/mitchell **********Recorded: 09/03/2022Published: 24/03/2022  COPYRIGHT BULLAKI ltd******CONNECT:  - Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/bullaki - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/bullaki   - Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/1U2Tnvo1PZY4Fu4QLHURJV  - Apple Podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/gb/podcast/bullaki-science-podcast/id1538487175 - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/samuele-lilliu/  - Website: www.bullaki.com  - Minds: https://www.minds.com/bullaki/ - Vimeo: https://vimeo.com/bullaki  - Odysee: https://odysee.com/@bullaki:0
18. Exotheology | Revd Dr Andrew Davison
Mar 13 2022
18. Exotheology | Revd Dr Andrew Davison
Revd Dr Andrew Davison is the Starbridge Associate Professor in Theology and Natural Sciences at the University of Cambridge and Dean of Chapel at Corpus Christi College. His work spans Christian doctrine, biology and philosophy. His research interests include biological mutualism, life in the universe, evolutionary synthesis, and artificial intelligence approaches using suggestions from the medieval “thinking by analogy”.Andrew was among a group of 23 theologians in a NASA-sponsored program at the Center for Theological Inquiry in Princeton (New Jersey) from 2016 to 2017, which investigated how humans may react to the discovery of life outside Earth. In this Bullaki Science Podcast, Andrew explores the intersections between astrobiology and theology (exotheology), key points from his new book “Astrobiology and Christian Doctrine” (including mentions of alien life in ancient texts, reactions of the faithful to the discovery of alien life, interactions between science and religion, interactions between humans and intelligent aliens), and theological implications of the Simulation Hypothesis (“Are we living in a simulation?”).The video is available here: https://vimeo.com/bullaki/davison **********Recorded: 28/02/2022Published: 04/03/2022 COPYRIGHT BULLAKI ltd******CONNECT: - Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/bullaki - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/bullaki   - Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/1U2Tnvo1PZY4Fu4QLHURJV  - Apple Podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/gb/podcast/bullaki-science-podcast/id1538487175 - LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/samuele-lilliu/  - Website: www.bullaki.com  - Minds: https://www.minds.com/bullaki/ - Vimeo: https://vimeo.com/bullaki  - Odysee: https://odysee.com/@bullaki:0
15. The 4th Wave of Electronic Development | Dr. Mark Rosker (DARPA)
Jan 21 2022
15. The 4th Wave of Electronic Development | Dr. Mark Rosker (DARPA)
As the director of the Strategic Technology Office at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (or DARPA), Dr Mark Rosker leads the office in development of develop high-performance intelligent microsystems and next-generation components to ensure U.S. dominance in the areas of Command, Control, Communications, Computing, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR), Electronic Warfare (EW), and Directed Energy (DE). The effectiveness, survivability, and lethality of these systems depend critically on the microsystems contained inside. Mark was a program manager in the office from 2003 to 2011, where he developed a portfolio of technical programs in gallium nitride and other compound semiconductor radio-frequency devices, heterogeneous circuit integration, terahertz electronics and quantum cascade lasers.Here he talks about innovations led by the DARPA’s MTO office, the Electronic Resurgence Initiative and how DARPA is supporting the 4th wave of electronic development, advances beyond the von Neumann Architecture, hardware security, new types of devices that can work at extreme temperatures, and electronics resilience towards EMP attacks.Quote: “I think you're bounded by your imagination. Of course the rules of physics have something to do with some of these things. But one of the fun things we were talking about being a Program Manager […] is to try and think bigger than you've ever had an opportunity to think before. That GPS […] sounded like science fiction at that time. And then the next generation beyond that, that said, I'm going to reduce that entire rack of equipment, to something that I can put on in my pocket. That also sounded like science fiction. So I don't want to tell you all my good ideas. They all sound like science fiction.”******CONNECT: - Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/bullaki- Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/bullaki - Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/1U2Tnvo1PZY4Fu4QLHURJV - Apple Podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/gb/podcast/bullaki-science-podcast/id1538487175- LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/samuele-lilliu/ - Website: www.bullaki.com - Minds: https://www.minds.com/bullaki/- Vimeo: https://vimeo.com/bullaki - Odysee: https://odysee.com/@bullaki:0 *****#bullaki#science#podcast#electronics #darpa #mto
14. High-Payoff/High-Risk R&D for Full-Spectrum Dominance | Dr. Bradford Tousley (Raytheon Technologies)
Jan 21 2022
14. High-Payoff/High-Risk R&D for Full-Spectrum Dominance | Dr. Bradford Tousley (Raytheon Technologies)
As the vice president of Advanced Concepts & Technology for Raytheon Intelligence & Space, Bradford Tousley leads an innovative technology incubator inside Raytheon Technologies, which focusses on high-reward/high-risk disruptive technologies for the defense industry. In this interview he discusses the history of Raytheon Technologies and some of the advancements, including quantum computing, ARAKNID, DyNAMO, directed energy weapons, digital engineering, and synthetic biology, which will enable US forces and allies to maintain full-spectrum dominance in the battlespace in the near future.***Download article from the Scientific Video Protocols website: https://scivpro.com/manuscript/10_32386_scivpro_000026/Scientific Video Protocols is the first full open-access peer-reviewed video journal publishing in 4k cinematic quality. Contact us for submissions: https://scivpro.com/submit/​***CONNECT:- Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/bullaki - Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/bullaki  - Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/1U2Tnvo1PZY4Fu4QLHURJV - Apple Podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/gb/podcast/bullaki-science-podcast/id1538487175- LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/samuele-lilliu/ - Website: www.bullaki.com - Minds: https://www.minds.com/bullaki/- Vimeo: https://vimeo.com/bullaki - Odysee: https://odysee.com/@bullaki:0 ********
13. Mosaic Warfare and Human–Machine Symbiosis | Dr. Timothy Grayson (DARPA)
Jan 29 2021
13. Mosaic Warfare and Human–Machine Symbiosis | Dr. Timothy Grayson (DARPA)
As the director of the Strategic Technology Office at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (or DARPA), Timothy leads the office in development of breakthrough technologies to enable war fighters to field, operate, and adapt distributed, joint, multi-domain combat capabilities at continuous speed. He is also founder and president of Fortitude Mission Research LLC and spent several years as a senior intelligence officer with the CIA. Here he illustrates the concept of Mosaic Warfare, in which individual warfighting platforms, just like ceramic tiles in a mosaic, are placed together to make a larger picture. This philosophy can be applied to tackle a variety of human challenges including natural disasters, disruption of supply chains, climate change, pandemics, etc. He also discusses why super AI won’t represent an existential threat in the foreseeable future, but rather an opportunity for an effective division of labour between humans and machines (or human-machine symbiosis).***Check the video here: https://youtu.be/_5MkXD_m6QcDownload article from the Scientific Video Protocols website: https://scivpro.com/manuscript/10_32386_scivpro_000024Scientific Video Protocols is the first full open-access peer-reviewed video journal publishing in 4k cinematic quality. Contact us for submissions: https://scivpro.com/submit/​***CONNECT:- Subscribe to this YouTube channel- Support on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/bullaki  - Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/1U2Tnvo1PZY4Fu4QLHURJV - Apple Podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/gb/podcast/bullaki-science-podcast/id1538487175- LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/samuele-lilliu/  - Website: www.bullaki.com- Minds: https://www.minds.com/bullaki/#bullaki #science #podcast #jadc2 #mosaic #warfare*** Featured in Forbes: https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidhambling/2021/01/29/an-insiders-view-of-darpa-the-worlds-most-advanced-research-agency/?sh=3583332512bb
11. Future Warfare and Swarm Drones | David Hambling
Nov 19 2020
11. Future Warfare and Swarm Drones | David Hambling
The future of warfare is heading towards a battle between software engineers rather than soldiers and pilots. World superpowers are pursuing an arms race to develop super swarm drones, which some have identified as weapons of mass destruction (WMD). In this podcast technical consultant, journalist, and author David Hambling talks about the state of the art of military drones and distributed approaches in warfare.The video podcast is available here: https://youtu.be/HHKvzVvt0ncDavid’s book “SWARM TROOPERS, How small drones will conquer the world” is available here https://www.swarm-troopers.com/.***Some extracts from the podcast:David Hambling (DH). At the moment the drones are beginning to have quite significant impact on warfare. At the moment, the chief users are the US Air Force and the CIA who've been using them for what are called counterinsurgency operations. [...] That's well short of an actual hot war. But we've also seen very recently in Nagorno Karabakh, where there've been drones making a significant impact on the battlefield on a full scale war. And that's kind of likely to happen more in the future. Now, the big drones, like the Reapers that the US Air Force us go for $20-30 million apiece, whereas small drones, like the consumer drones made by DJI, the sort that you can buy over the internet, those are only a few hundred dollars. [...]DH. [with mosaic warfare and distributed approaches] The idea is that you can have your warfighting capability. […]. So that's the ability to see what's happening, cameras and radar and other sensors, and your communications and then your weapon systems. Rather than having it all in one big box, like, say, a single aircraft flying overhead, you can have lots of different devices at different levels. [...] Like a mosaic, you can build it up to match whatever the particular mission requirement is. DH. If you're a soldier, one of the things you always want to know is what's happening on the other side of the hill, because the last thing you want to do is actually stick your head up and go over and get shot out, while trying to look. Whereas drones give you the perfect way of seeing everything that's going on around you. [...]DH. Yes, I mean, that's [nuclear batteries] ultimately that's one of the best ways of powering aircraft. You've to remember, back at the time they were also looking at nuclear powered bombers, and various other things. Given that the military already have nuclear powered submarines and nuclear powered aircraft carriers. It didn't seem quite so outlandish. The nuclear powered drone would be a slightly different prospect though, because there's a much greater chance of it crashing and problems. However, there is actually a company that's working on a similar concept at the moment, who believe that by using betavoltaics, which is a sort of power system driven by radioactive decay, they can get enough power to have a compact power system to drive a drone.DH. A swarm is simply a large number of relatively simple units that are able to carry out complicated coordinated actions just by following a few rules. Swarming technology is a lot of it draws from nature. So this is from the way that flocks of birds fly or that shoals of fish swim, so they can all move together without crashing into each other. And the whole thing can change directions smoothly and seamlessly. So it's that sort of approach. The advantage of a swarm is that you can have 100 or 1000, or even more small drones, all carrying out a task and they don't require hundreds or thousands of operators, you just need one operator to say go over there and the entire swarm can then have a commands. [...]****
10. Exoplanets | Nobel Laureate Didier Queloz
Nov 2 2020
10. Exoplanets | Nobel Laureate Didier Queloz
Didier Queloz is Professor of Physics at the Cavendish Laboratory (University of Cambridge) and Geneva University. He shared the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics for “the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star”. In this interview he talks about his challenging journey from the discovery of the first exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star in 1995 to the acknowledgement of his discovery by the scientific community. He explores his experience in reporting a paradigm-changing finding and how this triggered hard scepticism from the publishing industry and fellow scientists, which lasted about 3 years. He and Michel Mayor were eventually acknowledged as the founders of the new field of exoplanets and were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2019. He also talks about realistic ways to explore Proxima Centauri b and other potentially habitable planetary systems such as TRAPPIST-1 using technologies that are currently available. He also discusses his interdisciplinary research activities on abiogenesis and the search for life on other planets.Download article from the Scientific Video Protocols website: - https://scivpro.com/manuscript/10_32386_scivpro_000017/- https://scivpro.com/manuscript/10_32386_scivpro_000018/- https://scivpro.com/manuscript/10_32386_scivpro_000019/Full video interview series with Didier Queloz:- Part 1: The Discovery of the First Exoplanet Orbiting a Solar-Type Star | Didier Queloz (1/3) https://youtu.be/6xqbBWDgzsY- Part 2: Breakthrough Discoveries vs Incremental Science | Didier Queloz (2/3) https://youtu.be/4cXalPDJT5k- Part 3: Are we going to Alpha Centauri? | Didier Queloz (3/3) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RODr3...Scientific Video Protocols is the first full open-access peer-reviewed video journal publishing in 4k cinematic quality.
4. Mind–Matter Unification Project | Nobel Laureate Prof. Brian Josephson
Oct 31 2020
4. Mind–Matter Unification Project | Nobel Laureate Prof. Brian Josephson
Nobel Laureate Josephson talks about the Josephson Effect, transcendental meditation, the Mind–Matter Unification Project, intelligence, science orthodoxy, paranormal, water memory, the publication process, cold fusion and LENR, understanding quantum mechanics, coordination dynamics, biosemiotics, artificial intelligence, cymatics, and intelligent design.Brian David Josephson FRS (born 4 January 1940) is a Welsh theoretical physicist and professor emeritus of physics at the University of Cambridge. Best known for his pioneering work on superconductivity and quantum tunneling, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1973 for his prediction of the Josephson effect, made in 1962 when he was a 22-year-old PhD student at Cambridge University.The video is available here: https://youtu.be/9FcPVIBm7-E.SL. I saw your talk was at the Trinity College last November where you talked about the “New Scientific Paradigm”. So there are some areas in which physics seems to be stuck, it's not really progressing. What sort of field are you trying to address? What sort of aspect do you want to address with this “New paradigm”?BJ. Well I don't like the term “New paradigm” and I think it's just extending physics by realizing that there's some directions it's not looked into. Like you might have something new, like magnetism, which was introduced by Faraday and you recognize that there's some limitations in what the physics community addresses. The way I see it, the problem is mind and intelligence. The point is you asked about some biological systems, the conventional picture is that ordinary physics covers it all. We know what biological systems are composed of. We know other things like chemical reactions. So it's all explained. But in fact it is not really all explained because there are points of detail, coordination and things like that, which are important in determining behaviour. So for a start you need to put in coordination, which is something that biologist scientists fit in. Also semiosis, which is about meaning. That's another direction in biology called biosemiosis. My point is that there are really two cultures. Some biologists study these significant aspects of biology, but physicists don't know about them, it's not regular physics. The reason why it's important is, I think it's important at the fundamental level because the mysteries of quantum mechanics in fact could be understood in these terms. Some of people like Karen Barad particularly emphasized parallels and suggested we can understand quantum physics if we take into account things like agency and the way … coordination again. So in other words we are not understanding the quantum domain probably because we… our theories don't take mind into account and therefore we end up with statistical theories. But the theories don't have to be statistical. I think it'll be great advance in physics when this is acknowledged and we start to do theories which take into account things like meaning and coordination. That’s the thing I'm interested in doing.SL. Yeah, so from one side we have a quantum mechanics that does sort of quantitative measurements, and on the other side we have biology that does qualitative measurements. You're trying to get ideas from biology from biosemiotics so that you might use this qualitative description into quantum mechanics so that we can understand it, right?BJ. Yes, that’s an important point. Physics tends to insist that you have quantitative theories. But you can perfectly well use modelling to test the theory. My other point is in the biological side you have great variability so your quantitative theory will not apply in general. So you need a different kind of theory. Biology has come up with different kind of theories. So it needs a kind of synthesis and I think the quantitative sides have come out of some kind limit w
2. Life on Venus? | Dr Paul B. Rimmer
Oct 30 2020
2. Life on Venus? | Dr Paul B. Rimmer
Dr Paul B. Rimmer is one of the scientists who contributed to the discovery of a potential biomarker (phosphine) in the atmosphere of Venus. In this podcast we explore what does this finding actually mean and go through the details of their publication ‘Phosphine gas in the cloud decks of Venus’. The video podcast is available here: https://youtu.be/syQmBJkpfw8Paul details the journey of this discovery lead by Prof. Jane S. Greaves, which took almost 4 years and involved a large collaboration including Cardiff University, the University of Manchester, the MIT, Kyoto Sangyo University, the Imperial College, the Open University, and the East Asian Observatory. This publication was authored by Jane S. Greaves, Anita M. S. Richards, William Bains, Paul B. Rimmer, Hideo Sagawa, David L. Clements, Sara Seager, Janusz J. Petkowski, Clara Sousa-Silva, Sukrit Ranjan, Emily Drabek-Maunder, Helen J. Fraser, Annabel Cartwright, Ingo Mueller-Wodarg, Zhuchang Zhan, Per Friberg, Iain Coulson, E’lisa Lee and Jim Hoge.  Paul explains that we do not know any abiotic phosphine (PH3) production routes in Venus’s atmosphere, clouds, surface and subsurface, or from lightning, volcanic or meteoritic delivery. Paul explores the possibility that phosphine (PH3)  could either originate from unknown photochemistry or geochemistry, or, building upon a previous work by one of the co-authors of this work (Clara Sousa-Silva), from the presence of life. Finally Paul lays down a roadmap for future investigations to better understand the origin of phosphine on Venus involving a tandem work between laboratory measurements and ground-based telescope observations.We also discuss the role of media and click bait news, which came out with titles suggesting life on Venus and extraterrestrial or alien life on Venus.