In this episode, we explore the world of carbohydrates, covering various types such as sugar, starch, and fiber. Throughout our exploration, we shed light on the differences between simple and complex carbohydrates, their sources, and their glycemic index.
The first type of carbohydrate is sugar, and it's considered a simple carbohydrate because it's composed of just one or two molecules, known as monosaccharides and disaccharides. These monosaccharides typically include glucose, fructose, or galactose. Simple carbohydrates like sugar can lead to rapid increases in blood sugar levels when consumed.
The second type is starch, a complex carbohydrate. It's composed of long chains of glucose molecules, forming a polysaccharide. Examples include foods like pastries, rice, and potatoes.
Lastly, fiber is considered a complex carbohydrate because it's primarily made of cellulose, a polysaccharide composed of glucose molecules linked together. Unlike starch, which we digest for energy, fiber resists digestion and supports digestive health. It's also essential for our gut microbiome, a community of intestinal bacteria that thrive on it. A healthy gut microbiome can influence overall well-being, including potential effects on weight and health.
Learn about the differences between simple and complex carbs and their impact on your health. Stay tuned to this episode to learn more about this topic. Until next time, take care!